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您的位置:医学教育网 > 中药/药学基础 > 有机化学 > 正文

有机化合物母核大全

2010-10-12 19:34 医学教育网
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汤神回复备考问题 80个高频考点 重点/难点/经典习题

中文名 英文名 分子式
吡啶N-氧化物 pyridine N-oxide C5H5NO
砷杂苯 Arsabenzene C5H5As
磷杂苯 Phosphorine C5H5P
3,4-二氢-2H-吡喃 3,4-Dihydro- 2H-pyran C5H8O
2,3,4,5-四氢吡啶 2,3,4,5-tetrapyridine C5H9N
1,2,3,6-四氢吡啶 1,2,3,6- tetrapyridine C5H9N
1,2,3,4-四氢吡啶 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridine C5H9N
二氢吡啶 dihydropyridine C5H7N
环丁砜;四亚甲基砜;噻吩烷砜 sulfolane C4H8O2S
磷杂茂 Phosphole C4H5P
砷杂茂 Arsole C4H5As
2,3-二氢噻吩 2,3- dihydrothiophene C4H6S
2,5-二氢噻吩 2,5-dihydrothiophene C4H6S
双环[3.1.1]庚烷;去三甲蒎烷 norpinane C7H12
2,3-二氢呋喃 2,3-dihydrofuran C4H6O
2,5-二氢呋喃 2,5-dihydrofuran C4H6O
3-吡咯啉 3-Pyrroline C4H7N
2-吡咯啉 2-Pyrroline C4H7N
1-吡咯啉 1-Pyrroline C4H7N
硫环丁烯;2-噻丁 Thietine C3H4S
氧环丁烯;2-噁丁 Oxetine C3H4O
2-氮杂环丁烯;2-吖丁 2-azetine C3H5N
1-氮杂环丁烯;1-吖丁 1-azetine C3H5N
2-吖丙因;2-氮丙烯 2-Azirine C2H3N
噻庚环;硫杂环庚烷 Thiepane C6H12S
噁庚环;氧杂环庚烷 Oxepane C6H12O
吖庚环;氮杂环庚烷 Azepane C6H13N
环庚烷 Cycloheptane C7H14
 Thiinium ion C5H5S
吡喃鎓离子 Oxinium ion C5H5O
四氢噻喃;硫杂环己烷 Thiane C5H10S
四氢吡喃;氧杂环己烷 Oxane C5H10O
四氢呋喃;氧杂环戊烷 tetrahydrofuran C4H8O
吡咯烷;氮杂环戊烷 Azolidine C4H9N
  Thietium ion C3H3S
  Oxetium ion C3H3O
1,3-吖丁 Azete C3H3N
噻丁环 Thietane C3H6S
噁丁环 Oxetane C3H6O
吖丁啶 Azetidine C3H7N
噻丙烯 Thiirene C2H2S
噁丙烯 Oxirene C2H2O
1-吖丙因 Azirine C2H3N
环硫乙烷 Thiirane C2H4S
环氧乙烷 Oxirane C2H4O
吖丙啶;环氮乙烷 Aziridine C2H5N
2H-苯并吡喃;2H-色烯 2H- benzopyran C9H8O
2,1-苯并异噁唑 2,1-benzeisoxazole C6H5NO
吡喃并[3,4-b]吡咯 pyrano[3,4- b]pyrrole C7H5NO
1H-吲哚 1H-indole C8H7N
苯并[c]噻吩 benzo[c]thiophene C8H6S
异苯并呋喃 isobenzofuran C8H6O
2H-茚;异茚 2H-indene C7H8
1,3,5-噁二嗪 1,3,5-oxadiazine C3H4N2O
1,2,4-噁二嗪 1,2,4-oxadiazine C3H4N2O
1,2,6-噁噻嗪 1,2,6-oxathiazine C3H3NOS
1,2,5-噁噻嗪 1,2,5-oxathiazine C3H3NOS
1,3-二噁英 1,3-dioxin C4H6O2
1,2-二噁英 1,2-dioxin C4H6O2
1,3-氧硫杂环戊二烯 1,3-oxathiole C3H4OS
5H-1,2,5-噁噻唑 5H-1,2,5-oxathiazole C2H2NOS
1,3,4-二噁唑 1,3,4-dioxazole C2H3NO2
3H-1,2-氧硫杂环戊二烯 3H-1,2-oxathiole C3H4OS
1,3-二硫杂环戊二烯 1,3-dithiole C3H4S2
1,2-二硫杂环戊二烯 1,2-dithiole C3H4S2
2H-咪唑 2H-imidazole C3H4N2
3H-吡咯 3H-pyrrole C4H5N
2H-吡咯 2H-pyrrole C4H5N
环丁烷 Cyclobutane C4H8
环丙烷 cyclopropane C3H6
4H-1,2-二氮杂卓[上加艹] 4H- 1,2-diazepine C5H6N2
硫杂卓[上加艹] thiepin C6H6S
氧杂卓[上加艹] oxepin C6H6O
氮杂卓[上加艹] azepine C6H7N
螺戊烷 spiropentane C5H8
L-脯氨酸 L-proline C5H9NO2
L-天门冬氨酸 L-aspartic acid C4H7NO4
L-精氨酸 L-arginine C6H14N4O2
长春花碱 vincaleukoblastine C46H58N4O9
金刚烷;三环[3.3.1.13,7]癸烷 tricyclo[3.3.1.13,7]decane C10H16
  prostane C20H40
吗啡烷 morphinan C16H21N
8-氮杂螺[4.5]癸烷 8-azaspiro[4.5]decane C9H17N
1,4-二氧杂螺[4.5]癸烷 1,4- dioxaspiro[4.5]decane C8H14O2
万古霉素 Vancomycin C66H75Cl12N9O24
泰乐菌素;泰洛星 tylosin C46H77NO17
  ristomycin A aglycone C60H51N7O19
利福霉素 rifamycin C37H47NO12
美贝霉素-B milbemycin-B C33H48O7
红霉素 Erythromycin C37H67NO13
阿维菌素-A1a avermectin-A1a C49H74O14
育亨烷 yohimban C19H24N2
麦角它曼 ergotaman C25H35N5O
麦角林 ergoline C14H16N2
白坚木米定 aspidospermidine C19H25N2
四唑并[1,5-a]喹啉 tetrazolo[1,5-a]quinoline C9H6N4
噁唑并[4,5-h]喹啉 oxazolo[4,5-h]quinoline C10H5H2O
咪唑并[1,2-a]喹喔啉 imidazo[1,2-a]quinoxaline C10H7N3
4H-咪唑并[1,5-a][1,4]苯并二 氮杂卓[上加艹] 4H-imidazo[1,5-a][1,4]benzodiazepine C11H9N3
1,4,6,7-四氢-9H-咪唑并[1,2 -a]-9-酮 1,4,6,7-tetrahydro-9H-imidazo[1,2-a]purin-9-one C7H7N5O
1H-吡咯里嗪 1H-pyrrolizine C7H7N
1H-苯并氮杂卓[上加艹] 1H- benzazepine C10H9N
可啉 corrinoid C19H22N4
卟吩 porphine C20H14N4
卵苯 ovalene C32H14
并七苯 heptacene C30H18
coronene C24H12
并六苯 hexacene C26H16
并五苯 pentacene C22H14
perylene C20H12
picene C22H14
并四苯 naphthacene C18H12
屈[上加艹] chrysene C18H12
pyrene C16H10
acenaphthylene C12H8
奥 [上加艹] azulene C10H8
肌苷;次黄嘌呤核苷 inosine C10H12N4O5
胞苷;胞嘧啶核苷 cytidine C9H12FN3O4
腺苷;腺嘌呤核苷 adenosine C10H13N5O4
19(10→9β)移-5α,10α-羊毛甾烷;5α-葫芦烷 19(10→9β)abeo-5α,10α-lanostane C31H58
4,4,14α-三甲基-5α-胆甾烷 ;羊毛甾烷 4,4,14α-trimethyl-5α-cholestane C31H58
(20S,22ξ,25R)-5α-呋甾-3β ,26-双醇;双氢假惕告吉宁 (20S,22ξ,25R)-5α-furostan-3β,26-diol C28H50O3
(22R)-5β-呋甾烷 (22R)-5β-furostane C28H50O
(24R,25R)-24-溴-5β-螺甾-3β-醇 (24R,25R)-24-bromo-5β-spirostan-3β-ol C28H47BrO3
(25S)-5β-螺甾烷 (25S)-5β-spirostane C28H48O2
3β,14-双羟基-14β-蟾甾- 6,20,22-三烯内酯;海葱苷元 3β,14-dihydroxy-14β-bufa- 6,20,22-trienolide C25H36O4
5β,14β-蟾甾内酯 5β,14β- bufanolide C24H38O2
3β,14-双羟基-5β,14β-心甾-20(22)-烯内酯;毛地黄 苷元 3β,14-dihydroxy-5β,14β-card-20(22)-enolide C23H34O3
5β,14β-心甾内酯 5β,14β-cardanolide C24H40O2
2,3-开环-5α-胆甾烷 2,3-seco-5 α-cholestane C27H50
D-双加碳-5α-雄甾烷 D-dihomo-5α-androstane C21H36
A-失碳-5α-雄甾烷 A-nor-5α- androstane C18H30
9,10-开环-5α-胆烷 9,10-seco-5α-cholane C24H44
9,10-开环-5α-胆甾烷 9,10- seco-5α-cholestane C27H50
5α-孕甾烷 5α-pregnane C21H36
5α-豆甾烷 5α-stigmastane C29H52
5α-麦角甾烷 5α-ergostane C28H50
5α-胆甾烷 5α-cholestane C27H48
5α-雄甾烷 5α-androstane C19H32
1,3,5(10),6,8-雌甾五烯 1,3,5 (10),6,8-estrapentaene C18H20
18-失碳-5α-雄甾烷 18-nor-5α-androstane C18H30
5α-雌甾烷 5α-estrane C18H30
5α-腺甾烷 5α-gonane C17H28
5ξ-胆甾烷 5ξ-cholestane C27H48
5α-胆甾烷-3β-醇 5α- cholestan-3β-ol C27H48O
β-L-吡喃甘露糖 β-L-mannopyranose C6H11O6
β-L-吡喃葡萄糖 β-L-glucopyranose C6H11O6
β-D-吡喃甘露糖 β-D- mannopyranose C6H11O6
β-D-吡喃葡萄糖 β-D-glucopyranose C6H11O6
α-L-吡喃甘露糖 α-L-mannopyranose C6H11O6
α-L-吡喃葡萄糖 α-L- glucopyranose C6H11O6
α-D-吡喃甘露糖 α-D-mannopyranose C6H11O6
α-D-吡喃葡萄糖 α-D-glucopyranose C6H11O6
β-L-呋喃葡萄糖 β-L- glucofuranose C6H12O6
β-D-呋喃葡萄糖 β-D-glucofuranose C6H12O6
α-L-呋喃葡萄糖 α-L-glucofuranose C6H12O6
α-D-呋喃葡萄糖 α-D- glucofuranose C6H12O6
2,7,9-三氮杂菲 2,7,9- triazaphenanthrene C11H7N3
1,7-菲咯啉;菲咯啉 1,7- phenanthroline C12H8N2
菲啶 phenanthridine C13H9N
phenanthrene C14H10
4H-吡喃并[3,2-g]喹啉 4H- pyrano[3,2-g]quinoline C12H9NO
11H-吡啶并[2,1-b]喹唑 啉 11H-Pyrido[2,1-b]quinazoline C1210N2
吩噻噁 phenothioxin C12H8OS
吩噻嗪;夹硫氮蒽 phenothiazine C12H9NS
吩砒嗪;夹砷氮蒽 phenarsazine C12H8AsN
吩噁嗪;夹氧氮蒽 phenoxazine C12H9NO
吩嗪;夹二氮蒽 phenazine C12H8N2
吖啶;夹氮蒽 acridine C13H9N
噻嗯;夹二硫蒽 thianthrene C12H8S2
9H-夹氧蒽;呫吨 9H-Xanthene C13H10O
anthracene C14H10
4aH-咔唑 4aH-carbazole C12H9N
β-咔啉 β-Carboline;9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole;Norharman C11H8N2
硫芴;二苯并噻吩 dibenzothiophene C12H8S
二苯并呋喃 dibenzofuran C12H8O
咔唑 carbazole C12H9N
fluorene C13H10
吲嗪;中氮茚 indolizine C8H7N
4H-喹嗪 4H-quinolizine C9H9N
4H-吡啶并[1,2-a]嘧啶-4-酮 4H- Pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-4-one C8H7N2O
2H-1,2,4-苯并噻二嗪 2H-1,2,4- Benzothiadiazine C7H6N2S
1,4-苯并二噁烯 1,4- benzodioxine C8H6O2
1,4-苯并噻嗪;1,4-硫氮萘 1,4- benzothiazine C8H7NS
1,2-苯并噻嗪;1,2-硫氮 萘 1,2-benzothiazine C8H7NS
1,4-苯并异噁嗪;1,4-氧氮萘 1,4-benzoxazine C8H7NO
1,2-苯并异噁嗪;1,2-氧氮萘 1,2-benzoxazine C8H7NO
2,4,1-苯并噁嗪;2,4,1-氧氮萘 2,4,1-benzoxazine C8H7NO
2,3,1-苯并噁嗪;2,3,1-氧氮萘 2,3,1-benzoxazine C8H7NO
1,4,2-苯并噁嗪 1,4,2- benzoxazine C8H7NO
1,3,2-苯并噁嗪 1,3,2-benzoxazine C8H7NO
蝶啶;1,4,5,7-四氮萘 pteridine C6H4N4
1,2,3,4-苯并四嗪;1,2,3,4- 四氮萘 1,2,3,4-benzotetrazine C6H4N4
1,6,7-吡啶并哒嗪;1,6,7-三 氮萘 1,6,7-pyridopyridazine C7H5N3
1,2,4-苯并三嗪;1,2,4-三氮 萘 1,2,4-Benzotriazene C7H5N3
1,2,3-苯并三嗪;连三氮萘; 1,2,3-三氮萘 1,2,3-benzotriazine C7H5N3
酞嗪;2,3-二氮萘 phthalazine C8H6N2
1,8-二氮萘;1,8-吡啶并吡啶;萘啶 1,8-naphthyridine C8H6N2
1,7-二氮萘;1,7-吡啶并吡啶 1,7-naphthyridine C8H6N2
1,6-二氮萘;1,6-吡啶并吡啶 1,6-naphthyridine C8H6N2
1,5-二氮萘;1,5-吡啶并吡啶 1,5-naphthyridine C8H6N2
1,4-二氮萘;喹喔啉 1,4- benzodiazine C8H6N2
1,3-二氮萘;1,3-苯并二嗪;喹唑啉 1,3-benzodiazine C8H6N2
1,2-二氮萘;1,2-苯并二嗪;噌啉 1,2-benzodiazine C8H6N2
2-氮萘;异喹啉;2-苯并嗪 2- benzazine C9H7N
1-氮萘;喹啉 1-benzazine C9H7N
1,4-硫萘酮;硫色酮 1,4- benzothiopyrone C9H6OS
2,1-氧萘酮;异香豆素 2,1-benzopyrone C9H6O2
2,3-氧萘酮;2,3-苯并吡喃酮 2,3-benzopyrone C9H8O2
1,4-氧萘酮;色酮 1,4-benzopyrone C9H6O2
1,2-氧萘酮;香豆素 1,2- benzopyrone C9H6O2
萘烷;十氢化萘 decalin C10H18
naphthalene C10H8
1,3-二氢呋喃并[3,4-c]吡啶 1,3-dihydro-furano[3,4-c]pyridine C7H7NO
1,4-二氢噻吩并[2,3-d]嘧啶 1,4-dihydro-thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine C6H6N2S
1H-吡咯并[2,3-b]吡啶 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine C7H6N2
吡唑并[1,5-a]-1,3,5-三嗪 pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazine C5H4N4
苯并噻唑 benzothiazole C7H5NS
苯并噁唑 benzoxazole C7H5NO
嘌呤 purine C5H4N4
苯并呋咱 benzofurazan C6H4N2O
苯并噁二唑 1,2,3- benzoxadiazole C6H4N2O
2,1-苯并恶唑 2,1-benzoxazole C7H5NO
1,2-苯并异噁唑;1,2-苯并噁 唑 1,2-benzeisoxazole C6H5NO
三唑并吡嗪 2-v-triazolo[b] pyrazine C4H3N5
1-吡唑并[b]吡嗪;1,2,4,7-四氮茚 1-pyrazolo[b]pyrazine C5H4N4
1-连三唑并吡啶;1,2,3,7-四氮茚 1-pyrido[2,3-d]-v-triazole C5H4N4
1,2,3-苯并三唑;连三氮茚 1,2,3-benzotriazole C6H5N3
苯并异二唑 indiazole C7H6N2
苯并咪唑 benzimidazole C7H6N2
3H-吲唑 3H-indazole C7H6N2
1H-吲唑 1H-indazole C7H6N2
3H-吲哚;3-氮茚;假异吲哚 3H- indole C8H7N
环戊烷并[b]吡啶;异吲哚 4-isobenzazole C8H7N
吲哚 indole C8H7N
硫茚;苯并[b]噻吩 thionaphthene C8H6S
氧茚;香豆酮;苯并呋喃 benzofuran C8H6O
indene C9H8
吗啉 morpholine C4H9NO
1,4-异噁嗪 1,4-isooxazine C4H5NO
1,2-异噁嗪 1,2-isooxazine C4H5NO
2H-1,4-噁嗪 2H-1,4-oxazine C4H5NO
6H-1,3-噁嗪 6H-1,3-oxazine C4H5NO
2H-1,3-噁嗪 2H-1,3-oxazine C4H5NO
6H-1,2-噁嗪 6H-1,2-oxazine C4H5NO
4H-1,2-噁嗪 4H-1,2-oxazine C4H5NO
五嗪 pentazine CHN5
1,2,4,5-四嗪 1,2,4,5-tetrazine C2H2N4
1,3,5-三嗪;均三嗪 1,3,5- triazine C3H3N3
1,2,4-三嗪;偏三嗪 1,2,4- triazine C3H3N3
1,2,3-三嗪;连三嗪 1,2,3- triazine C3H3N3
哌嗪;1,4-哌嗪 piperazine C4H10N2
哌啶 piperidine C5H11N
吡嗪;1,4-二嗪 pyrazine C4H4N2
嘧啶;1,3-二嗪 pyrimidine C4H4N2
哒嗪 pyridazine C4H4N2
吡啶 pyridine C5H5N
均三噁烷 s-trioxane C3H6O3
γ-噻喃 1,4-thiapyran C5H6S
α-噻喃 1,2-thiapyran C5H6S
γ-吡喃酮; 1,4-pyrone C5H4O2
α-吡喃酮;香豆灵 1,2-pyrone C5H4O2
γ-吡喃;4H-吡喃;1,4-吡喃 1,4-pyran C5H6O
α-吡喃;2H-吡喃;1,2-吡喃 1,2-pyran C5H6O
环己烷 cyclohexane C6H12
环己二烯 cyclohexadiene C6H8
benzene C6H6
噻唑 thiazole C3H3NS
1,2-异噻唑 1,2-isothiazole C3H3NS
1,2,3,4-三噁唑 1,2,3,4- trioxazole CHNO3
1,3,4,5-二噁二唑 1,3,4,5-dioxadiazole CH2N2O2
1,3,2,4-二噁二唑 1,3,2,4- dioxadiazole CH2N2O2
1,2,3,5-二噁二唑 1,2,3,5- dioxadiazole CH2N2O2
1,2,3,4-二噁二唑 1,2,3,4- dioxadiazole CH2N2O2
3H-1,2,3-二噁唑 3H-1,2,3- dioxazole C2H3NO2
1,3,2-二噁唑 1,3,2-dioxazole C2H3NO2
1,2,3,4-噁三唑 1,2,3,4-oxatriazole CHN3O
1,2,3,5-噁三唑 1,2,3,5-oxatriazole CHN3O
呋咱;1,2,5-噁二唑 furazan C2H2N2O
1,3,4-噁二唑 1,3,4-oxadiazole C2H2N2O
1,2,4-噁二唑 1,2,4-oxadiazole C2H2N2O
1,2,3-噁二唑 1,2,3-oxadiazole C2H2N2O
噁唑 oxazole C3H3NO
异噁唑 isoxazole C3H3NO
1,2,3,5-四唑 1,2,3,5-tetrazole CH2N4
1,2,3,4-四唑 1,2,3,4-tetrazole CH2N4
1,3,4-三唑 1,3,4-triazole C2H3N3
1,2,5-三唑 1,2,5-triazole C2H3N3
1,2,4-三唑 1,2,4-triazole C2H3N3
连三唑 1,2,3-triazole C2H3N3
咪唑 imidazole C3H4N2
吡唑 pyrazole C3H4N2
吡咯 pyrrole C4H5N
噻吩 thiophene C4H4S
呋喃 furan C4H4O
环戊烷 cyclopentane C5H10
环戊烯 cyclopentene C5H8
环戊二烯 cyclopentadiene C5H6
5-氧代-1-氮杂双环[4.2.0]辛-2-烯-2-羧酸 5-oxa-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid C7H7NO4
5-硫代-1-氮杂双环[4.2.0]辛 -2-烯-2-羧酸 5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2- carboxylic acid C7H7NO3S
3-羟基-16,17-开环- 1,3,5(10)-雌甾三烯-16,17-双酸 3-hydroxy-16,17-seco-1,3,5(10)- estratriene-16,17-dioic acid C18H26O3
4-硫代-1-氮杂双环[3.2.0]庚烷-2-羧酸 4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid C6H6NO3S

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