招生方案
APP下载
医学教育网APP下载

APP二维码

手机网
手机网栏目

手机网二维码

微 信
医学教育网微信公号

官方微信

搜索|
您的位置:医学教育网 > 卫生网校 > 医学英语 > 正文

医学双语阅读:康复医学

2020-02-19 17:29 医学教育网
|
  “医学双语阅读:康复医学”相信是准备学习医学英语的朋友比较关注的事情,为此,医学教育网小编整理内容如下:
Rehabilitation 康复医学 
Rehabilitation: A combination of physical, occupational, and speech therapy; psychologic counseling; and social work directed toward helping patients maintain or recover physical capacities. 康复医学:集体疗、工疗、语言训练、心理咨询和社会工作为一体,旨在帮助病人维持和恢复体能的医学。 
Rehabilitation is often needed after hip fracture, amputation, stroke, serious cardiac events, or prolonged bed rest that results in deconditioning or as part of the treatment of arthritis or various other illnesses or injuries causing varying degrees of functional loss. Usually, for younger patients, the goal is to achieve full, unrestricted function and, for older patients, to restore the ability to perform as many activities of daily living as possible. Recovery is often rapid for younger patients, but progress may be slow for elderly patients. 发生下列情况时常常需要进行康复治疗:髋部骨折、截肢、卒中、严重心脏病、或长期卧床休息造成全身状况不良、或关节炎辅助治疗、或其他疾病造成程度不同的功能丧失等。通常,年轻病人的康复治疗目的是完全恢复功能,并不受限制;年老病人则是要尽可能多地恢复日常生活活动能力。年轻人往往恢复得快,老年人则进展缓慢。 
Rehabilitation may begin in an acute care hospital, but organized rehabilitation programs rarely exist there. Rehabilitation hospitals usually provide the most extensive and intensive care and should be considered for patients who have the most potential and who can participate in aggressive intervention (eg, patients must be able to tolerate therapy for >= 3 h/day). Many nursing homes have programs that are less intensive (generally 1 h/day, < 5 days/wk) and, thus, are better suited to those who need more gentle rehabilitation (eg, frail or elderly patients). Rehabilitation programs with less variety and frequency of services may be offered in outpatient settings or at home and are appropriate for many patients. 康复治疗可以在急诊护理医院进行,但那里鲜有系列性康复治疗方案。康复医院通常可以提供广泛深入的保健服务,有潜力、能参与剧烈项目的病人(如能耐受每天3小时及以上治疗的病人)可考试进康复医院治疗。.许多疗养院也有一般性康复项目(一般为每天1小时,每周不超过5天),因此更适合那些只需要一般性康复治疗的病人(如体弱或老年人病人)。一些种类较少、次数不多的康复项目也可以在门诊或病人家中进行,很多病人适合这种方式。 
To initiate formal rehabilitation therapy, a physician must write a referral to a physiatrist, therapist, or rehabilitation center. The referral should establish the goal of therapy and, therefore, should be detailed, including relevant information and initial instructions. Although vague instructions (eg, "physical therapy to evaluate and treat") are often accepted, they are not adequate. Physicians unfamiliar with writing referrals should consult with a senior therapist, physiatrist, or orthopedic surgeon. 开始正式康复治疗时,医生必须给理疗师、治疗师或康复中心提供一份治疗方案,明确说明治疗目的,且内容详细,包括相关信息和初始指令。虽然人们通常也接受一些模糊的指令(例如“理疗评估和治疗”),但这样做并不恰当。治疗方案写作不熟练的医生应请教资深治疗师、理疗师或矫形医生。 
Disabled patients tend to be depressed and may lose motivation for restoring lost function and returning to the community. Mental health specialists may help the patient overcome these adverse emotional states and focus on functional recovery. The family may have to adjust to the patient's disability and appropriately assist the patient. Disability may cause financial hardship to the patient and family. A social worker helps the patient and family adjust. 伤残病人易患抑郁症,并可能失去恢复功能和回归社会的积极性。心理保健专家可帮助这些病人摆脱这些不利情感状态,把注意力集中到功能恢复上。家人也须适应病人伤残情况,正确帮助病人。伤残也可能造成病人和家属经济困难,社会工作者应帮助其处理好。 
Initial evaluation includes discussions on objectives, which generally focus on restoring function for activities of daily living (ADLs). ADLs include personal care such as grooming, bathing, dressing, feeding, and toileting as well as cooking, cleaning, shopping, managing medications, managing finances, using the telephone, and traveling. The referring physician and rehabilitation team can determine which of these activities are achievable and which are essential for the patient to remain independent. 初始评估包括目标讨论,其重点一般是恢复日常生活能力,包括个人自理能力,如修饰行为、沐浴、穿衣、进食、如厕, 以及烹饪、清扫、购物、用药、管理钱财、使用电话和旅游等。安排治疗的医生和康复小组可以确定采用何种活动,确定何种活动对病人维持独立很有必要。 
  以上是医学教育网小编整理“医学双语阅读:康复医学”全部内容,想了解更多医学英语知识及内容,请点击医学教育网。
报考指南
特别推荐
医学教育网医学书店
  • 名师编写
  • 凝聚要点
  • 针对性强
  • 覆盖面广
  • 解答详细
  • 质量可靠
  • 一书在手
  • 梦想成真
助考之星
助考之星题库软件

助考之星题库软件:热卖中

题库设计紧扣考试大纲、考试教材、考试科目。符合考试题型与考试科目,考试资料丰富,免费试用。

  • 1、凡本网注明“来源:医学教育网”的所有作品,版权均属医学教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:医学教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。

    2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
    本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。

    3、本网站欢迎积极投稿

    4、联系方式:

    编辑信箱:mededit@cdeledu.com

    电话:010-82311666